America Chat

America Chat

America Chat

United States (US; English: United States of America, USA), United States (BD; English: United States, US), or unofficially America (English: America), located in central North America, between Canada and Mexico ,[a] a country governed by a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and one federal district. With an area of ​​9.8 million km2 (3.8 million sq mi), it is the fourth largest country in terms of land area and the third largest country in terms of total area[b] and the third most populous country with a population exceeding 331 million. The capital of the country is Washington, DC, which is also a federal district; The most populated city is New York.

Paleo-Indians migrated to the North American mainland via Siberia at least 12,000 years ago and faced European colonization by the 16th century. The United States emerged from the alliance of the Thirteen Colonies along the East Coast. Disputes with Great Britain over taxation and representation led to the American War of Independence (1775-1783), which achieved independence. In the late 18th century, the United States began to expand rapidly in North America. Country; It gradually acquired new territories through wars, the displacement of Native Americans, and the admission of new states to the federation.

By 1848 the United States was spread from one end of the continent to the other. The legalization of slavery in the Southern states until the second half of the 19th century set the stage for the American Civil War, and slavery was outlawed throughout the country. The Spanish–American War (1898) and World War I (1914-1918) signaled that the United States would become a world power, and World War II. In World War II (1939-1945) he did this.

During the Cold War (1947-1991), the United States and the Soviet Union participated in several competitive races, but there was no direct military confrontation. During these races, with the 1969 space flight (Apollo 11) that landed the first humans on the Moon, the USA gained a significant advantage in the Space Race against the Soviet Union, which it had lagged well behind. The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 ended the Cold War, making the United States the only superpower in the world.

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The United States of America is a federal republic and a representative democracy with three separate government departments, with a bicameral legislature. It is a founding member of international organizations such as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Organization of American States (OAS), NATO, and a permanent member of the United Nations and the United Nations Security Council.

In addition, the United States ranks high on measures of international economic freedom, low government corruption, quality of life, and high quality of education. Despite being criticized for citing income and wealth inequality, the United States has consistently ranked high in socioeconomic performance measures. It has one of the most racially and ethnically diverse societies in the world, and this population of the country has been shaped by centuries of immigration.

The United States is a developed country, has about a quarter of the world’s total GDP, and is the world’s largest economy in nominal terms. The country is also the world’s largest importer and second largest exporter. Although its population corresponds to 4.2% of the world’s population, the USA has 29.4% of the total wealth in the world. The United States accounts for one-third of global defense spending and is defined as the most militarily powerful country.

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