India Chat

India Chat

India Chat

India or officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Gaṇarājya; English: Republic of India) is a country located in South Asia. The national anthem of the country, which has the world’s seventh largest geographic area and second largest population, is Jana Ghana Mana. The official languages ​​in the country are English and Hindi, but there are also 22 recognized regional languages. Hinduism is the dominant religion in India, and the country has the largest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan. India has the twelfth largest economy in the world at nominal prices and the fourth largest in the world by purchasing power parity.

It is the largest democracy in the world. With the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east, India’s coastline is 7,517 kilometers long. It shares borders with Pakistan in the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan in the northeast, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. It is also very close to Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia.

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The site of the Indus Valley Civilization, historic trade routes, and great empires, the Indian Subcontinent was known for its commercial and cultural wealth throughout most of its long history. India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, some of the world’s most important religions. Also, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity religions A.D. From the first century onwards, he came to the country and shaped the diverse culture of the region.

India is a parliamentary democracy consisting of 28 states and union territories. It has the twelfth largest economy in the world by stock market numbers and the fourth largest purchasing power parity in the world. Due to the economic reforms implemented since 1991, it is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Despite this, poverty and malnutrition rates are still very high and literacy is very low. India, which has an important place as one of the two countries with a population of over 1 billion on the planet, together with China, will be the most populous country in the world in the near future due to its higher population growth rate.

Etymology
The name India is derived from the ancient Persian name Indus. This name was used for the Indus River and its surroundings. The ancient Greeks called the Indus people the Indians. The name India is mentioned as Bharat in the constitution of India and in many local languages ​​in India. The name Bharat is derived from the name of King Bharata, the legendary holy king of the Bharata clan. Although the name India, which is a Persian word, was used for the country of Indus, it is used for the country today.

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Date

India has hosted many civilizations throughout its history. India was invaded by Homo erectus 1.3 million years ago. Between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago Humans entered India. Agriculture began around 9000 BC. With the formation of the agricultural society, the Indus Valley Civilization rose. After the Aryan migrations, the Vedic civilization began. During the Vedic period, Hinduism and the first Indian civilizations were born. It appeared in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism in later periods. It was also invaded by Persia and Macedonia. From the power vacuum that emerged after Macedonia was destroyed, the Mauryan Empire arose. After the Maurya Empire, India lived without political unity for a long time. With the rise of the Gupta Empire, Indian civilization experienced its golden age. As a result of the Islamic conquests, the religion of Islam entered India. India was the main center of the spice trade during the Middle Ages. From the 13th century, the Delhi Sultanate, and from the 16th century, the Mughal state controlled India. From the 15th century, European trade began to be established in India. As a result of the 7 Years War, most of India became a British colony. In 1944, India gained its independence. He waged a series of wars with Pakistan for Kashmir.

geography

The Himalayas form much of India’s eastern border, from Jammu and Kashmir in the north to Arunachal Pradesh in the east.

Rathong Peak near Kanchenjunga, view from near Jemathang Glacier
Located in the South of the Asian continent, India is bordered by Pakistan in the northwest, the disputed state of Kashmir in the north, the People’s Republic of China, Nepal, Bhutan in the northeast, Bangladesh in the southeast and Myanmar in the east. India was formed as a result of the collision of the Indian subcontinent and Eurasia. Geographical location of India: 20 00 North degrees, 77 00 East longitude. Its surface area is 3,287,590 km². India consists of twenty-eight states and seven union territories.

Administrative divisions
India is a Federal Republic consisting of twenty-eight states and seven union territories. Each state, Puducheri and Delhi has their own elected governments. The other five union territories have their own appointed officers and are thus under the direct administration of the President. According to the “States Reorganization Act” implemented in 1956, states are formed according to languages ​​and this practice continues today. The states and union territories are also divided into 610 counties.

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